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Type 2 Diabetes is - Health Clear Source

 

What Causes Blood Sugar Levels To Be Too High

 

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects millions of people around the world. It occurs when your body doesn’t use insulin properly, causing your blood sugar levels to be too high. People with Type 2 diabetes can experience a range of symptoms and health complications if their condition is not managed properly. Fortunately, there are treatments available to help manage Type 2 diabetes and keep your blood sugar levels under control.

 

What is type 2 diabetes?

A chronic condition that occurs when the body is not able to effectively regulate blood sugar (glucose) levels. This results in high levels of blood glucose, or what is commonly referred to as high blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes is also known as adult-onset diabetes because it is most commonly diagnosed in adults. It is the most common form of diabetes and affects millions of people worldwide. With type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells do not respond properly to the insulin that is produced. This causes a build-up of glucose in the bloodstream and can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

 

Causes of high blood sugar

High blood sugar is caused by a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. It happens when your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or your cells can’t use the insulin correctly. Insulin is a hormone that helps to regulate blood sugar, also known as blood glucose. When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, it can’t convert sugar from the food you eat into energy, leading to high blood sugar levels. This is why people with type 2 diabetes have to monitor their blood sugar levels closely.


Genetics plays an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes, but certain lifestyle factors can increase your risk of developing it. Being overweight or obese, having an inactive lifestyle, eating an unhealthy diet, and smoking are all known risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Additionally, certain medical conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, prediabetes, or a family history of diabetes, can put someone at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

 

What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed when someone experiences signs and symptoms of high blood sugar, or blood glucose. Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes include frequent urination, excessive thirst, blurry vision, fatigue, tingling in the hands or feet, and wounds that heal slowly. In some cases, people with type 2 diabetes may not experience any symptoms at all, which is why it’s important to get tested if you’re at risk for developing the condition.

 

What are the risk factors for high blood sugar?

The body cannot properly regulate the level of blood sugar (or blood glucose) in the bloodstream. It can develop due to a number of lifestyle and genetic factors. Some of the most common risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:


• Being overweight or obese
• Family history of diabetes
• Age – risk increases with age
• Ethnicity – those of African, Caribbean, or South Asian descent are at a higher risk
• Physical inactivity
• High blood pressure
• High cholesterol
• Having a pre-diabetes diagnosis
• Having gestational diabetes during pregnancy
• PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)


It is important to note that some people with these risk factors will not develop type 2 diabetes, and others without these risk factors may still get it. However, being aware of your risk factors can help you make informed decisions about how to prevent the onset of the condition.

 

Type 2 diabetes risk factors

 

How is type 2 diabetes treated?

With lifestyle changes and medications. The main goal of treatment is to lower blood sugar levels and keep them within the normal range. Lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and weight loss can help you manage your blood sugar and reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.


Medications can be used to help manage high blood sugar and reduce the risk of complications. The most common medications prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes are insulin, metformin, sulfonylureas, and GLP-1 agonists. These medications work by helping the body produce more insulin, increase the sensitivity of cells to insulin, and slow down the release of glucose from the liver into the bloodstream.
In addition to medications, monitoring your blood glucose levels regularly is important in managing type 2 diabetes. This helps to ensure that you are taking the right amount of medication and making any necessary lifestyle changes. Regular monitoring also allows your doctor to adjust your medications if needed to help keep your blood sugar levels under control.

 

What are the complications of high blood sugar?

High blood sugar can lead to serious complications. Extreme levels of high blood glucose, can damage the small blood vessels in your body. This can cause problems in many parts of your body, including your heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves.
If left untreated, high blood sugar can lead to conditions like stroke, heart disease, kidney disease, vision loss, nerve damage, and even amputation. Additionally, people with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk for certain types of cancers. It is important to understand the risks and work closely with your doctor to manage your condition.

 

How can I prevent type 2 diabetes?

Prevention is much easier than treating it. Here are some steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes:

  1. Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese increases your risk for type 2 diabetes, so achieving and maintaining a healthy weight is an important step in reducing your risk.
  2. Exercise regularly. Getting regular physical activity helps you maintain a healthy weight, and it also helps your body use insulin more effectively, which reduces your risk of high blood sugar and blood glucose levels. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity, like brisk walking, most days of the week.
  3. Eat a healthy diet. Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and limiting your intake of sugary and processed foods will help you maintain a healthy weight and reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes.
  4. Don’t smoke. Smoking increases your risk for type 2 diabetes as well as other serious health conditions. Quitting smoking can reduce your risk for many chronic diseases and improve your overall health.
  5. See your doctor regularly. Regular checkups with your doctor are important to monitor your blood sugar levels and catch any potential signs of type 2 diabetes early on. Your doctor can also advise you on lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

     


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