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2 years ago

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Blood Sugar Is High

Any diabetes treatment plan must include blood sugar control at its core. Hyperglycemia, or elevated blood sugar, is a severe issue that affects people of both types 1 and 2 diabetes.

What is Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)?

Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) is a blood sugar level that is too high because the body does not produce enough insulin. Vomiting, excessive hunger and thirst, a racing pulse, vision problems, and other symptoms are signs of hyperglycemia linked to diabetes. Untreated hyperglycemia has the potential to cause severe medical issues.

There are two primary sorts:

  • Fasting Hyperglycemia – Occurs when your blood sugar levels are excessively high after missing meals or beverages for a few hours. People with diabetes who have a blood test reading of 130 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) experience complications from fasting hyperglycemia after not eating or drinking for at least 8 hours.
  • Postprandial hyperglycemia – is a condition that causes blood sugar to be higher than 180 mg/dL two hours after eating. Blood sugar levels above 140 mg/dL are uncommon in persons without diabetes, except in extreme circumstances.

What is hyperglycemia, and what causes it?

Hyperglycemia is excessive sugar levels in the blood. This happens when your body lacks enough insulin (the hormone that transports glucose into the blood) or if it does not use insulin effectively. Hyperglycemia is a complication associated with diabetes.

Blood glucose levels over 125 mg/dL are referred to as hyperglycemia. When fasting (no food for at least 8 hours; people with fasting blood glucose greater than 125 mg/dL are diabetic).

  • Glucose level of 100 mg/dL – 125 mg/dL indicates pre-diabetes for a person.
  • If a person’s blood glucose level is over 180 mg/dL one to two hours after eating, they have hyperglycemia.

If your blood sugar is high for an extended period, you can harm your nerves, blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Blood vessel damage raises the risk of heart attack and stroke, while nerve injury may cause eye damage, kidney disease, and non-healing wounds.

What are the factors that may cause hyperglycemia?

The following are the most common risk factors for hyperglycemia:

  • You have relatives with a history of type 2 diabetes.
  • You are African, Native American, Hispanic, or Asian American.
  • Obesity 
  • High blood pressure or cholesterol.
  • You have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
  • Diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes)

What is the underlying reason for hyperglycemia in diabetics?

  • You are not taking the correct amount of insulin or diabetes medication for your needs.
  • Your body isn’t utilizing your natural insulin effectively (type 2 diabetes).
  • Your diet or beverage does not provide the proper ratio of carbohydrates to insulin your body is capable of producing or administering.
  • You’re not as energetic as usual.
  • You are affected by physical stress (from a cold, the flu, an infection, etc.).
  • You feel emotionally stressed (due to family conflicts, emotional difficulties, school or job pressures, etc.).
  • You’re using steroids for a different reason.
  • You’re being affected by the dawn phenomena (a surge of hormones produced by the body (from 4 a.m. to 5 a.m.).

Other possible causes

  • Insulin resistance is caused by endocrine conditions, such as Cushing syndrome.
  • Pancreatic diseases such as pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, and cystic fibrosis
  • Certain medicines (such as diuretics and steroids).
  • Gestational diabetes – diabetes that affects the pregnant mother. It’s due to reduced insulin sensitivity and occurs in 4 percent of pregnancies.
  • Accident or surgery.

What are some of the signs of hyperglycemia?

If you have type 1 diabetes, it’s crucial to be aware of the early symptoms of hyperglycemia. Even when blood sugar levels are under strict control, type 1 diabetes sufferers can develop ketoacidosis if uncontrolled hyperglycemia leads to high sugar levels in the circulation. This condition is an emergency situation that might result in a coma or death.

The following are signs of ketoacidosis:

  • Vomiting.
  • Dehydration.
  • Unusual smell and taste on the breath.
  • Breathing that is difficult and labored or hyperventilation.
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Coma

What should I do if I have hyperglycemia?

If you have both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the best way to control hyperglycemia is by eating a nutritious diet, being active, and reducing stress. Insulin is also vital in managing hyperglycemia for individuals with type 1 diabetes. In contrast, people with type 2 diabetes may require oral medicines before insulin to help them control their blood sugar levels.

Call your doctor if you don’t have diabetes and exhibit any hyperglycemia symptoms or signs. You can work together with your doctor to control your hyperglycemia.

How can I avoid getting hyperglycemia?

  • Try Cardiovascular training. It’s the most effective way of lowering blood sugar. Make a daily activity plan with your doctor.
  • If you have a meal plan, stick to it. Learn more about how carbohydrates affect your blood sugar levels and work with your diabetes care team to create the best meal plan for you.
  • Maintain a healthy weight and eat in moderation.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Reduce drinking alcohol. Alcohol can potentially raise blood sugar levels, but it can also result in dangerously low blood sugar levels. Determine how much is healthy to consume with the aid of your doctor.

Worried that you drink too much? Want to learn how to manage your alcohol rather than it manage you? Click here

What you should know

Having High blood sugar is a common problem that can harm your nerves, blood vessels, and organs. It can also lead to other life-threatening illnesses. Type 1 diabetics are at risk of developing ketoacidosis due to an accumulation of acids in their blood.

Dangerously high blood sugar levels can lead to a potentially fatal condition in which your body will not break down sugar. At first, you will pee more often, and later it will decrease. Still, your urine may become dark, and you could become severely dehydrated.

It’s critical to address signs of high blood sugar immediately to minimize the chance of problems.

Summary

What causes high blood sugar

If you’re a diabetic, your blood sugar levels may rise if you:

  • Forget or skip your insulin or oral glucose-lowering pill.
  • You may not have taken enough insulin, or you could have exceeded the number of carbohydrates recommended (or allowed) for your diabetes.
  • Have an illness
  • Feel sick
  • You’re feeling overwhelmed and stressed out.
  • Stop working out or become less active than usual.
  • Participate in high-intensity physical activities, significantly when your blood sugar levels are elevated, and insulin levels are low.

Symptoms

The following are some of the early symptoms of hyperglycemia:

  • Dehydration, feeling thirsty.
  • Headaches, pain in your head, face, and upper neck area.
  • Concentration difficulty
  • You have blurry vision.
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue (feeling tired and weak)
  • Sudden weight loss
  • An excess blood sugar of more than 180 mg/dL

High blood sugar over time can lead to:

  • Vaginal and skin disorders
  • Wounds and sores that don’t heal as quickly
  • Worse eyesight
  • Nerve damage resulting in painful or numb feet
  • Loss of hair
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea can cause stomach and intestinal issues.
  • Vision impairment, damage to blood vessels or organs (kidneys)

How can you maintain normal sugar levels?

If you are diabetic and notice any early symptoms of high blood sugar, get your blood checked by a doctor immediately. They may request that you bring in several blood test readings. They might suggest the following improvements:

Increase your water intake. Water aids in the removal of extra sugar from your blood via urine, as well as preventing dehydration.

Increase your activity levels. Working out may aid in lowering blood sugar levels. It can, however, cause blood sugar to increase even further under certain circumstances. Learn what exercise is best for you from your doctor.

Be aware:

  1. Check your urine for ketones if your blood sugar is high because you have type 1 diabetes.
  2. Avoid exercise if you have ketones in your urine.
  3. If your blood sugar level is high and you have type 2 diabetes, check for ketones in your urine and that you are adequately hydrated. You’ll be able to start exercising cautiously as soon as your doctor says it’s OK.

Make some positive changes in your life. If you’re unsatisfied with your weight, you may wish to talk to a nutritionist about changing the amount and types of meals you consume.

Change medications. Your doctor may alter the amount, schedule, or kind of diabetes drugs you take. Don’t make changes without discussing them with your doctor first.

If your blood sugar level is more than 250 mg/dL and you have type 1 diabetes, your doctor may recommend testing your urine or blood for ketones.

Contact your doctor if your blood sugar exceeds the ranges set in your treatment plan.

How to Prevent High Blood Pressure

You shouldn’t worry about hyperglycemia if you stick to your meal plan, exercise plan, and medication regimen. You should also:

  • Keep track of your diet – Make a list of all meals and snacks you eat, including their carb counts.
  • Regularly monitor your blood sugar levels.
  • If you have several irregular blood sugar levels, tell your doctor.
  • In an emergency, wear medical identification to let people know you have diabetes.

If you want to try an organic blood sugar lowering supplement, GlucoTrust is a good option.

GlucoTrust is an organic supplement that aids in the management of blood sugar. Helping maintain normal blood sugar levels by promoting insulin production and assisting with insulin resistance. There are a lot of great reviews about people who have used GlucoTrust and notice improvements.

 


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